Aquaculture industry is one of the fastest growing food producing sectors but easily causes economic loss due to exposure to stressful conditions, environmental issues, and diseases. Therefore, a proper and a sustainable way to manage these factors is needed. Antibiotics have been used by farmers for a long time in aquaculture which contribute towards the resistance among bacteria due to mutation in genes which cause adverse effects on aquatic animals and environment. Therefore, an eco-friendly measure which is the use of probiotics has replaced antibiotics with its ability to control the pathogenic spread among aquatic species.
Probiotics consist of live microorganisms that need to be administered in proper amounts and will provide a health benefit to the host. Probiotics have these few criteria that makes it a proper supplement compared to antibiotics. It